The liver is the second largest organ located on the right side of your body under the rib cage. Flat on one side, it is shaped like a football and weighs around three pounds. It is one of the most important organ of your body that performs several functions like processing the food and water that you consume into energy and nutrients that is used as a fuel by your body. It also excretes the toxins and other harmful substances from the blood.
Although this particular organ is equipped with self healing and repairing properties, you will require an immediate attention if your liver is damaged beyond its self healing abilities. If you are looking for a liver transplant in Dubai then you can find one engaged here.
In this article we shall be discussing about some of the major liver diseases caused by alcohol consumption.
Alcohol-related liver disease
- Alcoholic fatty liver disease or simple steatosis: this disease occurs because of the deposition of fat in liver cells. Also called steatosis or fatty liver, this issue involves accumulation of triglycerides and other lipids in hepatocytes. Most of the times there are no symptoms, especially during the start of this problem. Symptoms, including fatigue, weakness, and discomfort localized to the right upper abdomen may arise at a later stage of the disease. If left untreated, it can lead to other serious problems like cirrhosis, liver damage and even cancer of the liver. Fatty liver is not a benign condition and can be prevented by actively screening for patients at risk of steatosis and educating them about diet, exercise and alcohol.
- Alcoholic hepatitis: this disease of the liver can be mild or severe and is characterized by deposition of fat in the cells of liver, inflammation and mild scarring of the liver. Nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, fever and weakness, weight loss and jaundice are a few of the prominent signs and symptoms of alcoholic hepatitis. Patients with alcoholic hepatitis have elevated liver enzymes, and also show abnormal results of liver function tests. This is a serious liver disease where the sufferer can die within one month of the onset. Severe alcoholic hepatitis need to be treated immediately as it can lead to serious complications like liver failure and even death.
- Alcoholic cirrhosis: this is the most progressive of all types of alcohol related liver injury. In this you can notice an interruption of the typical structure of the liver where the hard scar tissue replaces delicate solid tissue, and severe scarring on the liver interpreting a serious damage of the liver. There are no signs and symptoms of the disease till the liver is damaged to an extreme. Fatigue, bleeding and bruising easily, nausea and vomiting, jaundice and weight loss are some of the common signs of this disease. The complications of the disease include enlargement of spleen, high BP, bleeding, malnutrition, bone diseases and many others.